.htaccess and its features

HTACCESS means HyperText Access.

.htaccess files should be used in a case where the content providers need to make configuration changes to the server on a per-directory basis, but do not have root access on the server system.

Some main features of .htaccess file are:

  • ability to password protect folders
  • ban / allow users using IP addresses
  • stop directory listings
  • enable complete error reporting
  • redirect users to another page or directory automatically
  • create and use custom error pages
  • Adding MIME types
  • Setting server timezone
  • Enable SSI (Server Side Includes) with .htaccess
  • Ensuring media files are downloaded instead of played
  • Preventing requests with invalid characters
  • change the way files with certain extensions are utilized
  • use a different file as the index file by specifying the file extension or specific file.

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